Unfortunately, it affects the whole world. Slowly but surely the epidemic of coronavirus is spreading into a pandemic. It started in China, Wuhan Hubei, and is now found everywhere.
People are worried and this is not without reason. The facts show that COVID19 has a mortality rate of about 3.4% and almost 15% of all cases involve complications. Influenza, with which the virus is always compared, also claims its victims every year, but here the worldwide mortality rate is below 1.5%.
Furthermore, the protective measures against influenza are virtually non-existent among non medical people. Nobody wears a face mask during the annual flu wave (usually February/March) and quite a few get vaccinated.
People's concern is currently reflected in hoarding purchases. Everywhere disinfectants and breathing masks are sold out or can only be found overpriced. However, much of this concern is also due to the lack of information. The WHO and many governments are currently facing a lot of criticism. That is why we would like to explain a little bit about what is important to encounter this disease as well as possible.
1. Sneezing, coughing and face-masks
It should be obvious that you shouldn't just sneeze out. It is best to do it in the crook of your arm or in a handkerchief which you can dispose of immediately afterwards. Droplet infection is the reason for most infections. So protect yourself and others with this method.
Unfortunately a face mask is not sufficient. There are a few very expensive masks which hold up a lot, but the normal masks offer almost no protection. Doctors use them during operations so that no saliva gets into the wounds. This means that a breathing mask is only advisable if you are infected yourself and want to avoid infecting others (by droplets when coughing/sneezing).
2. Avoid crowds
It is probably logical that where more people are, especially in enclosed rooms, the probability of infection is higher. Especially in the next few weeks you should, if possible, avoid large public events, clubs/discos, subway and trains. But unfortunately this is not possible for everyone.
Almost all infections occur directly from person to person. A distance of 1-2 meters (3 to 6 feet) from other people in public is considered reasonable. The less contact, the better. Complete isolation is only necessary in extreme cases. A 14-day quarantine can be useful only, if you suspect you have been infected, so you don't spread the virus.
3. Avoid contact with older people
This advice has nothing to do with the fact that older people are a danger, but that you yourself are a danger to them. The incubation period of coronavirus is up to 14 days. There are also cases where the virus has been detected, but the sufferer did not show any symptoms.
During this time, you can transmit the disease without knowing it, and most of the previous fatalities are elderly people (over 70) or people with pre-existing conditions. So even if you mean it well and want to visit your grandparents. If you have even the slightest suspicion that you might be infected, you should avoid contact with weak, stricken, pre-sick or elderly people.
4. Increase hygiene
This point shouldn't have anything to do with Corona. You should always wash your hands properly with soap when you come home. Bacteria and viruses can always survive on surfaces. Especially bacteria are not as susceptible as viruses. So avoid touching your face and wash your hands regularly. You grab the bars in the subway and the door handles in the department store. Afterwards and before eating: Wash and/or disinfect.
Hygiene should be constantly increased. The smartphone is always in your hand. On the road, at home, etc. It is best to clean it at least once a week, or even daily, with a disinfecting tissue. Keys should also be cleaned regularly. These are all disease carriers.
5. Use the common sense
This is the most important advice: common sense. You wouldn't walk down a dark alley alone at night, buy food that doesn't look fresh anymore or pet that vicious dog. No matter if you are travelling or in your own neighborhood. Just activate your common sense!
Viruses are transmitted from person to person, so I clean my hands and avoid drinking from the other person's glass. You don't have to be paranoid, but just pay attention.
The problem is, you can't stop it. If you isolated yourself as an example and avoided any human contact, a family member or the postman might bring the virus with them. Sooner or later you have to get out. Or you might have to isolate yourself completely on your own until the summer, because viruses are sensitive to high temperatures. But no one wants to be restricted like that.
Experts estimate that about 60-70% of all people will be infected with this virus sooner or later. But this doesn't mean that all this will happen in the next 2 weeks. It's a process over a long period of time. The transmission is very easy and therefore the number of infected people increases exponentially. But by next year at the latest there will be a vaccination and then we'll see.
We humans have survived swine fever, bird flu, the SARS virus alone in this millennium. Pandemics happen all the time. Only this time the virus is not to be underestimated. But there is no need to be afraid either. Here is a table showing the probabilities of dying from it according to the age.
As you can see, the chances of surviving this virus without complications are therefore very good. Especially children and pregnant women as well as women in general get off best. So keep calm and protect yourself and your loved ones as much as possible. Panic does not help at all. Corona is not harmless, but for a healthy person it is not particularly bad. Stick to hygiene tips and protect yourself from sources of infection.
But what if I get infected? Then you call the medical support center and wait for their instructions. If you would go directly to a doctor or hospital, you could infect the people there.
I wish you the best and a good health.
- LdR -